Female-to-female transmission that is sexual of

Key points

  • The possibility of female-to-female transmission that is sexual excessively uncommon, with just a few reported situations.
  • HIV-positive ladies who identify as lesbian could have obtained HIV through injecting medication sex or use with males.
  • Transmission is achievable through sharing of adult toys and contact with bloodstream during intercourse.

When contemplating the matter of female-to-female intimate transmission it’s essential to draw a difference involving the risk of transmission by this path and diagnoses of HIV illness in females whom identify as lesbian. There has been only six reported situations of woman-to-woman sexual transmission, and these reports have to be seen with similar care as just about any situation reports of transmission through dental sex (cunnilingus).

Within the very early many years of the epidemic, investigations of this supply of illness in United States females failed to recognize any full instances of female-to-female transmission. As an example, a 1992 followup of all of the 144 females identified as HIV-positive through the blood contribution solutions in the usa interviewed 106 females, and identified only three that has had intercourse with ladies. Most of these females had other danger facets: either inserting medication use or genital sex with guys (Chu).

An Italian research of 18 HIV-discordant lesbian partners who was simply monogamous lovers for at the very least 90 days ahead of recruitment and who have been followed for half a year found no seroconversions happened during this time period. Three-quarters of this partners reported sex that is sharing and practically all partners reported oral intercourse (Raiteri).

In 2003 an instance report of female-to-female intimate HIV transmission ended up being posted.

Physicians recommend the lady was infected through sharing adult sex toys after drug-resistance tests discovered striking similarities involving the genotypes for the girl and her feminine partner that is HIV-positiveKwakwa).

The outcome involves a woman that is 20-year-old served with HIV infection having had a bad HIV test result six months earlier. The lady was indeed in a monogamous lesbian relationship for days gone by couple of years, and denied having had any kind of intimate lovers, man or woman. She had never ever inserted medications or gotten blood services and products, together with no tattoos or body piercings. The couple’s intimate techniques included the sharing of adult sex toys, and dental intercourse. These tasks failed to happen during menstruation, but adult toys had occasionally been utilized vigorously adequate to content draw bloodstream.

Her bisexual partner had been understood become HIV positive, and it is thought to be the foundation of infection as a result of similarities seen as soon as the two women underwent genotypic drug-resistance tests. The woman that is 20-year-old infected with multidrug-resistant HIV.

The detectives noted that here is the “first reported situation of female-to-female intimate transmission of HIV sustained by identification of similar HIV genotypes within the supply client as well as the receiver”.

In 2014, an additional situation report was posted, at this juncture supported by phylogenetic analysis, which revealed that the hereditary sequences associated with viruses infecting the 2 females were very associated (Chan).

The report has to do with a 46-year-old girl whom seems to have obtained HIV within a six-month monogamous HIV serodiscordant intimate relationship with a woman that is 43-year-old. She had possessed an antibody that is negative a few days before seroconversion infection and diagnosis.

Her feminine partner have been formerly identified as having HIV but had fallen away from health care and had not been getting antiretroviral treatment. The newly identified girl had hardly any other present risk facets for HIV, such as for example heterosexual sexual intercourse, inserting medication usage, or maybe more unusual modes of HIV transmission such as for example tattooing, acupuncture, transfusion or transplant.

Describes the lips, as an example a medicine taken by lips.


A drug-resistant HIV stress is the one that is less at risk of the results of just one or even more anti-HIV medications as a result of an accumulation of HIV mutations with its genotype. Opposition could be the outcome of an undesirable adherence to treatment or of transmission of an currently resistant virus.

Kissing, licking or drawing someone else’s genitals, in other words. fellatio, cunnilingus, a blow task, providing head.

danger element

A piece of individual behaviour or lifestyle, an environmental publicity, or your own attribute that is considered to be connected with disease or even a condition that is medical.

situation report

Defines the medical background of the solitary patient.

The couple reported routinely having unprotected oral and genital contact and utilizing insertive adult sex toys which were provided among them. They described their contact that is sexual as times rough to the stage of inducing bleeding and connection with menstrual bloodstream.

The very last two situation states both involved sharing of intercourse toys and experience of blood during intercourse.

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